The pug is a dog with features of a wrinkly and curled tail. The breed has fine and glossy coat that are of different colors, most often fawn or black, and a compact square body with well- developed muscles. These brought to Europe in the sixteenth century from China. And popularized in Western Europe by the house of orange of the Netherlands, and the house of Stuart. Well known for being sociable and gentle companion dogs. The American kennel club describes the breed’s personality as “even-tempered and charming”. They remain popular in the twenty- first century, with some famous celebrity owners and was judged best at the world dog show in 2004.
Appearance of Pug :
The Pug appearance is characterized by their flat, wrinkled faces, compact muscular bodies, and curled tails. They have four color variations: solid black, silver, fawn with black mask and ears, or apricot. The size of the pug is between 10 and 11 inches tall at the shoulders with a weight range of 14 to 18 pounds. Current AKC judges indicate larger pugs are of higher quality. Fawn is the most common pug color, black is rare. Most fawn pugs have black facial masks.
TEMPERAMENT OF PUG:
The pugs have a stubborn streak. They are not aggressive and are eager to please. Pugs are trained with dedication and patience and are suitable for families with children. They crave their owner’s attention and like to please.
LIFE SPAN AND LONGEVITY:
The life span of pug is 12 – 15 years.
FOOD FOR PUG:
ROYAL CANIN Pug diet has an adopted calorie content to help maintain ideal body weight and avoid excess weight gain as they have flattened face shape which makes them prone to breathing difficulties and heat stress.
HEALTH ISSUES OF PUG:
- Respiratory issues: Brachycephalic Airway Obstruction Syndrome (BAOS) occurs in some dogs like pugs with reduced skull length, and results from excess soft tissue in their airways which may obstruct airflow. Struggling to breathe and gasping for air are some symptoms.
- Eye problems: the bulging eyes of pugs are unfortunately prone to several serious eye issues which can cause chronic irritation and pain. Discolored eye discharge, Weeping eyes, Discolored spots on the eye, and any unusual appearance in or around the eye are some symptoms.
- Skin disorders: Pugs are prone to allergies that cause itchy skin. The wrinkled folds of skin can trap dirt and moisture, providing an inviting place for bacterial skin infections to develop. Symptoms are pimples, small red bumps, and blisters filled with blood. It usually occurs near the lips, feet and skin folds in pugs.
- Bone and Joint problems: Pugs have small legs that support a sturdy body, and this unique muscular skeletal structure predisposes them to bone and joint problems. Signs that your pug is experiencing this condition are hopping, jumping, favoring one leg, and having difficulty getting up and down. Pugs may experience spinal problems, which in turn places pressure on their spinal cord, resulting in pain and possible loss of back leg function.
- Seizures: Pugs can sometimes suffer from seizures. Consult your vet to determine the cause. Seizures are the main symptom of Epilepsy, which is not uncommon in pugs, and can be treated through medication and regular vet check-ups.
HISTORY OF PUG:
Pugs originated in China, dating back to the Han dynasty (B.C. 206 to A.D. 200). Some historians believe they are related to the Tibetan Mastiff.
They were prized by the Emperors of China. lived in luxurious accommodations. Sometimes Pugs being guarded by soldiers. Pugs become very popular in the Victorian era. Featured in many paintings, postcards, and figurines of the period. Often, they were depicted wearing wide, decorative collars or large bows around their short, thick necks. Pugs were introduced to the United States after the Civil War, and the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885.A few dedicated breeders kept breeding and, after some years, the breed regained popularity. The Pug Dog Club of America was recognized by the AKC in 1931